Intestinal Gangrene is caused by inadequate blood flow through the mesenteric vessels, resulting in ischaemia and eventual gangrene of the bowel wall.
- Acute mesenteric arterial thrombosis
- Acute mesenteric arterial embolism
- Non occlusive mesenteric ischemia
- Mesenteric venous thrombosis
Signs and Symptoms
Moderate to severe, diffuse, non localized, constant, and sometimes colicky abdominal pain.
- Abdominal distention
- Nausea, vomiting
- Tender mass on palpation.
- Bowel sounds - hyperactive to absent.
- Voluntary and involuntary guarding appears.
- PT, APTT
- X Ray Abdomen erect
- USG Abdomen
- CT Scan
- CT Angiography
- Sepsis and septic shock
- Bowel necrosis necessitating bowel resection
- Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS)